مروری بر اقدامات ایمنی جهت کاهش تصادفات در قوس‌های افقی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده مهندسی عمران دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، مدیرعامل سازمان مشاور فنی و مهندسی شهر تهران، ایران

چکیده

بروز تصادف به طور عام علاوه برتحمیل هزینه‌های مالی به افراد حادثه دیده، منجر به اتلاف وقت سایرین و تحمیل هزینه‌های غیر مستقیم بر جامعه نیز می‌گردد. این موضوع زمانی اهمیت بیشتری می‌یابد که شدت تصادف بالا بوده و منجر به ایجاد جراحات شدید، نقص عضو و یا حتی فوت فرد یا افراد گردد. این مشکل امروزه با توجه به نرخ بالای تصادفات و شدت آن‌ها در کشور ما، به یک معضل اساسی تبدیل شده که بهبود وضعیت توجه ویژه متخصصان و مسئولین امر را طلب می‌کند. نظر به اینکه قوس‌های افقی یکی از نقاط حادثه خیز در کشور ما  می‌باشند، این مقاله به مرور اقدامات و راهکارهایی می‌پردازد که در سایر نقاط جهان تجربه شده و منجر به کاهش تعداد یا شدت تصادفات شده‌اند. دربخش اول با اقداماتی سعی شده احتمال خروج وسیله نقلیه از خط سیر حرکت به حداقل برسد و بخش دوم به اقداماتی می‌پردازد که در صورت خروج وسیله نقلیه از مسیر حرکت، خسارات ناشی از آن به حداقل برسد.
در ادامه فرآیند اجرایی نمودن این راهبردها و اقدامات پیشنهاد شده است.
 
 

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