مروری بر اقدامات ایمنی جهت کاهش تصادفات در تقاطع‌های بدون چراغ

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده مهندسی عمران دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، مدیرعامل سازمان مشاور فنی و مهندسی شهر تهران، ایران

چکیده

تصادفات وسایل نقلیه همواره دارای تبعات منفی اقتصادی، اجتماعی و حتی سیاسی بوده و لذا همیشه کاهش تعداد و شدت آن‌ها از اولویت‌های دولتمردان بوده است. این مقوله با توجه به نرخ بالای تصادفات در کشور ما، ایران، از اهمیت ویژه‌ای برخوردار شده است. بر اساس مطالعات صورت گرفته سهم قابل توجهی از تصادفات در محدوده تقاطع‌ها صورت می‌پذیرد؛ این در حالی است که سهم تقاطع‌ها به وسعت شبکه مقدار ناچیزی است. این مساله در کنار تعداد قابل ملاحظه تقاطع‌های بدون‌چراغ در سطح کشور، نویسندگان مقاله پیش‌رو را برآن داشت تا به مرور اقدامات و راهبردهایی بپردازند که جهت ارتقای ایمنی تقاطع‌های بدون چراغ به‌کار می‌روند. اگرچه ممکن است بسیاری از موارد مطروحه در کشور شناخته شده و در حال اجرا باشد، لیکن این مقاله سعی در خلاصه و مدون نمودن جمیع اقدامات ایمنی مرتبط با تقاطع‌های بدون چراغ دارد تا بدین وسیله ابزاری بسیط در اختیاران متخصصین و مسئولین امر جهت تصمیم‌گیری قرار دهد.
 
 

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