مروری بر اقدامات ایمنی جهت کاهش تصادفات درمناطق عملیات عمرانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

توجه ویژه به مقوله بهسازی و نوسازی از یک سو و حجم ترافیک از سوی دیگر، این روزها ایمنی مناطق عملیات عمرانی را بسیار حائز اهمیت می‌سازد. عملیات عمرانی مناسب و در عین حال حفظ تردد ایمن یکی از اهداف و وظایف اساسی مسئولین و متخصصین ذی‌ربط می‌باشد. شرایط رانندگی در محدوده مناطقی که عملیات عمرانی در حال اجراست
با شرایط رانندگی عادی متفاوت است. به‌علاوه شرایط رانندگی در هر منطقه‌‍ای از محدوده عملیات عمرانی ممکن است
با منطقه‌ دیگر متفاوت باشد. این عوامل می‌تواند منجر به نقض انتظار استفاده‌کنندگان راه و لذا باعث تراکم، مانورهای نامنظم و درنهایت تصادف و کاهش ایمنی شود. کمبود دانش راننده از نحوه رانندگی و اقدامات مناسب مربوط به این مناطق، اشتباه و عدم تبعیت از قوانین ترافیکی و عدم آگاهی از وجود مناطق عمرانی ویا کارگران نیز موجبات کاهش ایمنی را فراهم می‌سازد. این مقاله با مروری بر اقدامات ایمنی ممکن در مناطق عملیات عمرانی قصد دارد ابزار مناسبی در اختیار مسئولین و متخصصین ذی‌ربط قرار دهد تا وابسته به شرایط با انتخاب اقدام یا اقدامات مناسب، باعث ارتقای ایمنی و کاهش تصادفات مربوطه گردند.

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