مروری بر اقدامات ایمنی جهت کاهش تصادفات ناشی از سرعت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد، مدیر گروه پل و بزرگراه سازمان مشاور فنی و مهندسی شهر تهران، ایران

چکیده

افزایش سرعت، توانایی واکنش و مانور راننده را کاهش می‌دهد و منجر به افزایش فاصله توقف مورد نیاز می‌شود. مطالعات نشان داده است که سرعت غیرمجاز ناشی از دو مشکل پایه است. یکی انتخاب سرعت نامناسب به وسیله راننده است در حالی که نامناسب بودن سرعت واضح می‌باشد. دیگری درک نادرست راننده از سرعت ایمن بر اساس شرایط محیط می‌باشد. سرعت غیرمجاز به هر دلیل که باشد شدت تصادفات را افزایش داده و یکی از عوامل مهم در تصادفات فوتی است. در همین راستا اقدامات ممکن جهت کاهش این تخلف باید تمامی عوامل مؤثر بر این دو مشکل را پوشش داده و کنترل نماید. این راهبردها شامل تعیین سرعت مجاز مناسب، افزایش آگاهی رانندگان از مشکلات ایمنی ناشی از سرعت، ارتقاء شیوه اعمال قانون، انتقال اطلاعات در مورد سرعت مناسب به رانندگان و حصول اطمینان از طراحی و عملکرد متناسب با شرایط محیط برای تشویق به رانندگی با سرعت مناسب می‌شود. در این مقاله سعی شده تا با ارائه مجموعه کاملی از این اقدامات راهکارهای مناسب و عملی را جهت کاهش تصادفات ناشی از سرعت بالا را در اختیار متخصصین بگذارد.
 

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