مروری بر اقدامات ایمنی جهت کاهش تصادفات دوچرخه‌سواران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده عمران دانشکده فنی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشکده فنی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

چکیده

دوچرخه سواری از سال‌ها پیش به عنوان یک شیوه حمل نقل مطرح بوده و امروزه نیز به عنوان یک انتخاب مناسب در جهت افزایش سلامتی افراد و کاهش ترافیک در نظر گرفته می‌شود. استفاده از دوچرخه در سال‌های اخیر با نرخ قابل توجهی افزایش یافته است و حتی در بعضی کشورهای اروپایی سهم قابل توجهی از سفرهای روزانه را در بر‌می‌گیرد. فراهم شدن ایمنی دوچرخه سواران را می‌توان مهم ترین علت در استفاده از آن‌ها برای سفرهای روزانه در نظر گرفت. در سال‌های اخیر تحقیقات زیادی در رابطه با ایمنی دوچرخه سواران صورت گرفته و تاکید بر آن بوده است که بسیاری از مشکلات بدون همکاری سه بخش مهندسی­، آموزش و اعمال قانون قابل برطرف شدن نمی‌باشد. بنابراین قشرهای مختلف جامعه همچون برنامه‌ریزان ، مهندسان ، قانون‌گذاران ، مربیان و شهروندان باید مشارکت لازم را به عمل آورده تا مشکلات مربوطه با همکاری فی‌مابین حل شود. با این وجود کاهش تعداد و شدت جراحات در تصادفات دوچرخه سواران مستلزم ارائه راهکارهایی است که متناظر با عوامل ایجاد کننده تصادف است. در این مقاله با مرور مطالعاتی که در این حوزه صورت پذیرفته اقداماتی ارائه می‌گردد که به واسطه به کارگیری آن‌ها می‌توان بخش قابل توجهی از تصادفات شامل دوچرخه سواران را کاهش داد.

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