مروری بر اقدامات ایمنی جهت کاهش تصادفات رانندگان جوان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده عمران دانشکده فنی دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده مهندسی عمران‌، دانشکده فنی دانشگاه تهران، ایران

چکیده

افرادی که سابقه رانندگی زیادی ندارند عمدتا مهارت کافی برای فائق آمدن بر مساله پیش آمده در موقعیت‌های دشوار رانندگی  را ندارند. به علاوه درصد قابل توجهی از این رانندگان، جوان و دارای رفتارهای پرخطر هستند.  اگرچه برخی از این رفتارها از جمله حرکت با سرعت بالا و یا با فاصله کم از وسیله نقلیه جلویی عمدا توسط رانندگان جوان رخ می‌دهد اما بررسی‌ تصادفات نشان از بروز خطا و عدم تشخیص خطر در بین این گروه دارد. لذا بر اساس مطالعات شدت تصادفات در این گروه بالاست و این افراد برای خود و سایرین در راه‌ها یک خطر محسوب می‌شوند. این مقاله سعی دارد با مرور اقدامات ایمنی راهکارهای مناسب جهت کاهش تصادفات مربوط به رانندگان جوان را ارائه نماید.  این اقدامات در چهار بخش شامل 1) اعمال و بهبود سیستم‌های گواهینامه مرحله‌ای 2) تصویب و اجرای قوانین مربوط به رانندگان جوان 3) مسائل مربوط به سبک زندگی فرد و نقش خانواده و 4) ارتقای شیوه‌های آموزش رانندگان جوان خلاصه می‌شود. این مطالعه می‌تواند  ابزار کاملی در اختیار مهندسین و متخصصین راه در هنگام طراحی یا رفع مشکلات ایمنی قرار دهد.

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