مروری بر اقدامات ایمنی جهت کاهش تصادفات موتورسیکلت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده عمران دانشکده فنی دانشگاه تهران

2 مدیر گروه پل و بزرگراه، سازمان مشاور فنی و مهندسی شهر تهران‌، ایران

چکیده

موتورسیکلت به دلیل اندازه و قابلیت مانور متفاوت در مقایسه با سایر وسایل نقلیه می‌تواند یک شیوه و شرایط خاص در حمل و نقل به وجود آورد. بر اساس آمار موجود، تعداد کابران این وسیله در سال‌های اخیر به میزان قابل توجهی افزایش یافته است. این مساله می‌تواند به علت هزینه‌ها و امکانات این نوع خاص از وسیله نقلیه باشد­: ارزان و سریع ! هرچند به دلیل کابین حفاظت نشده، راکبین موتورسیکلت به میزان قابل توجهی در معرض خطر مصدومیت و فوت می‌باشند. بنابراین، یکی از دغدغه‌های اصلی مسولین امر این است که با تدوین و اجرای یک برنامه راهبردی جامع، تعداد و شدت تصادفات موتورسیکلت‌ها را کاهش دهند. لازم است که این راهکارها از جمیع جهات به مساله ایمنی موتورسیکلت بپردازند. مقاله پیش رو با مرور مطالعات انجام شده در این زمینه اقدامات ممکن با رویکردهای متفاوت از جمله آموزش، مهندسی و اعمال قانون را بیان می‌نماید تا ابزار مناسب را در اختیار متخصصینی قرار دهد که قصد ارتقای ایمنی موتورسیکلت‌ها را دارند.  

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