مروری بر اقدامات ایمنی جهت کاهش تصادفات مربوط به عابرین پیاده

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشکده فنی، دانشگاه تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، دانشکده مهندسی عمران، دانشکده فنی دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

نقش پیاده‌روی به عنوان یکی از اجزای اصلی حمل و نقل بر هیچ کس پوشیده نیست. این نقش در کلان‌شهرها و به‌ویژه در راستای دستیابی به حمل و نقل پاک و توسعه پایدار شهری بسیار حائز اهمیت است. بعلاوه حضور و آمد و شد عابرین پیاده باعث ایجاد فضای مناسب و ایمن شهری و ارتقاء سطح مراودات و فعالیت‌های فرهنگی و اجتماعی در سطح شهر خواهد بود. لیکن متاسفانه در بسیاری از شهرهای ما، زیرساخت‌ها حمل و نقل با توجه به نیاز خودروها طراحی و اجرا می‌گردند و کمترین توجه معطوف نیاز عابرین پیاده می‌باشد. این غفلت منجر به کاهش پیاده‌روی و حتی کاهش استفاده از حمل و نقل عمومی شده و افزایش استفاده از خودروی شخصی و لذا توسعه شهری خودرو محور را در پی خواهد داشت. بدیهی است در‌ چنین شهرهایی معضلات عدیده بروز خواهند کرد و به‌ویژه مشکلات ایمنی عابرین پیاده در آن‌ها برکسی پوشیده نیست. این پژوهش به جمع‌بندی و شرح اقدامات ممکن برای بهبود زیرساخت‌های شهری و افزایش ایمنی عابرین پیاده می‏پردازد.
 
 

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